A special issue of Hydrology (ISSN 2306-5338).
Water resource systems planning and management issues are often very complex. The pressures on water resources are increasing with the expanding scale of global development involving ecological and hydrological consequences in river basins and groundwater aquifers, and water quality deterioration. All this leads to the increasing need for investigating the effects of different human influences and impacts on the hydrological regime and on water quality like as land-use changes, climatic variability and climate changes, and intensified water and land-use practices.
Moreover economic, environmental, and social issues are more and more considered in water resources research. In this context computer-based models can help to choose the right plans, designs, and policies to obtain the desired impacts. In the last years, the advances in computer techniques allowed the water scientists to develop complex models at different scales to support water resources planning and management. This special issue is focused on the recent advances on models and methods for water resource modelling. In particular the following issues will be discussed: 1) Basin-wide water resources planning; 2) Watershed management; 3) Flood forecasting; 4) Droughts; 5) Climate changes impacts on flood risk and water resources; 6) Reservoir operation and management; 7) River morphology and sediment transport; 8) River water quality; 9) Irrigation.
Dr. Tommaso Caloiero - National Research Council (CNR), Institute for Agricultural and Forest Systems in the Mediterranean (ISAFOM), Via Cavour 4/6, 87936, Rende (Cs), Italy
Interests: hydrology; climatology; climate change; natural hazards; land use change; forest ecology
Dr. Carmelina Costanzo - Environmental Department, University of Calabria, Italy
Dr. Roberta Padulano - REMHI (Regional Models and geo-Hydrological Impacts) division, Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici (Euro-Mediterranean Centre on Climate Change), Via Thomas Alva Edison, 81100 Caserta, Italy. IAFES (Impacts on Agriculture, Forests and Ecosystem Services) division, Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici (Euro-Mediterranean Centre on Climate Change), Viale Trieste 127, 01100 Viterbo, Italy