A special issue of Agronomy (ISSN 2073-4395). This special issue belongs to the section "Farming Sustainability"

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Biofortification is the process used to increase the concentration of a nutrient in edible portions of plants through agronomic techniques, post-harvest processes (i.e., malting), and genetic selection by plant breeding. Some soils in the Mediterranean area are poor in some minerals, and so are the plants that grow in these soils.

Low mineral concentrations are found in arid areas with high pH and low clay content, conditions which are quite prevalent in the Mediterranean area. An important part of the population suffers from dietary deficiency in essential micronutrients, i.e., iron (Fe), zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se), and a novel challenge in agriculture is the production of biofortified grains to improve the nutrition status of the consumers, while allowing the producers to offer a more valuable product.

In the future, grain biofortification should consider innovative approaches from field agronomics techniques to post-harvest methods in order to obtain dense grains for developing novel foods with improved properties on human health, also taking into account the stability of the products during long-term storage and the bioavailability of the microelements of the fortified products.

Guest Editor Dr. Maria Grazia Melilli - Institute for Agricultural and Forest Systems in the Mediterranean, National Council of Research, Via Empedocle, 58, 95128 Catania, Italy

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